Crops/Grain

 

Question:  How does Canola get its name?  Joel – Eastside Christian Academy
Answer: Canola got it's name from two words Canada and oil. Canola used to be called rapeseed and in some parts of the world still is.


 
Question:  How do you get out the weeds?  Brenden – EMJ Elementary School
Answer: We use a sprayer on my farm to control weeds.


 
Question:  How do you make fertilizer for the crops?  Addison – Louis Riel School
Answer: I don't make fertilizer. I buy it from my dealer. Most fertilizers are
naturally occuring element found in nature, such as nitrogen, phospurus, lime, potash and sulphur. Some ferilizers are mined and others like nitrogen have to be processed. Nitrogen is the fertilizer I use most and it is obtained from the air.


 
Question:  How does hay grow?  Victor – Clear Water Academy
Answer: Hay starts out as a seed like all plants and then is allowed to grow to
the point where it is still green but contains the optimum amount of nutrients.
The hay is then cut, allowed to dry and baled.

 


 

Question:  Where does grain come from? Nicolas – Clear Water Academy
Answer: All grains come from plants. On my farm I grow wheat, barley and canola.

 


  
Question:  What time of year do you harvest?  King George School Grades 1 & 2
Answer: Harvest normally begins in late August and wraps up in October.   The latest I have ever combined my crops was December 23 due to bad weather.


 
Question: How much water does a sunflower need a week? King George School Grades 1 & 2

Answer: One sunflower plant would require three litres of water per week.
 

Question: How many months does it take wheat to grow? King George School Grades 1 & 2
Answer: In my area, it takes wheat 110 days to grow.
 

Question:  How much wheat do you produce in a year?    King George School 
Answer: Last year we produced 1900 tonnes of wheat from 800 acres of land.
 

Question:  What happens when the crops fail?  Farida - Glamorgan School
Answer:  On our farm we buy crop insurance just in case we lose a crop to hail, insects, drought or frost so our expenses are covered.   Any part of the crop we can salvage is baled for animal feed. 


 

Question:  Do you have any grain elevators on your farm?  Taryn - Glamorgan School

Answer:  We do not have a grain elevator on our farm.  We use steel grain bins and big plastic bags to store our grain. 

 


 
Question: How do you grow corn on the cob?  How long does it take to grow corn? Brady - MidSun Junior High School

Answer: Corn is grown like all other crops we grow here. We plant it as early as possible in the spring; apply fertilizer and herbicides to keep the crop free from weeds. The cob contains the seeds we would use to plant the crop for next year and also is what we and animals eat. Corn in our area takes about 120 days to reach maturity.
 

 
Question:  Which crop do you like to grow the most and why?  Quinn - Glamorgan School

Answer:  The crop I enjoy growing the most would be wheat.  The reason I like growing it is because it is not itchy when you harvest it like other crops like barley.  I also enjoy eating it right from the combine hopper.  Did you know that if you chew wheat long enough it will turn into gum? 

 


 
Question: How does food from a farmer become cookies? Brady - MidSun Junior High School

Answer: The main ingredient in cookies is flour and is usually made from wheat.  When the wheat is combined, the grain is separated from the rest of the plant and then is hauled to the elevator or directly to the flour mill.  After it is ground into flour, it is sent to the bakery or your home where other ingredients such as butter, milk, salt and perhaps chocolate chips or peanut butter are added to make cookies.

 


 

Question:  What is the tallest crop that you have grown?  Andre - Glamorgan School

Answer:  Three years ago, I grew some corn that was two and a half meters tall. 

 


 
Question: How do you grow vegetables?  Brady - MidSun Junior High School
Answer: First the garden must be worked to eliminate weeds and provide a good seed bed.  Then the seeds are planted and watered.  In order for the vegetables to grow they need a mixture of sunshine/heat, water and nutrients.
 

 

Question: Is grain actually healthy for you?  Mitch - Ralph McCall School
Answer: Grain is healthy for you as it contains fibre and proteins that our bodies require and is recommended in the Canadian Food Guide as part of a balanced diet.

 

  
Question: How do you turn wheat into bread?  Gariel - Ralph McCall School
Answer: The wheat is harvested from the field, then delivered to the mill and ground into flour.  Other ingredients like eggs, water and yeast are added to make dough.  The dough is then baked and voila you have bread.
 

  
Question: What kind of crops do you grow and harvest? Why did you pick those crops?  Caelan - Ralph McCall School
Answer:  On my farm we grow wheat, canola and barley.   These crops grow well and are suitable for our climate. The crop rotation we use is cereal crop, cereal crop and then oilseed.  Wheat and barley are both a cereal crop and canola is an oilseed crop.   In the spring, wheat is planted first as it takes the longest time to mature. Canola is planted next and swathed to help it ripen evenly.   Swathing is when the crop is cut and placed in a swath to help it finish, mature and dry out and then is combined. Barley has the shortest growing season so it is planted last. We straight cut the wheat and barley which means the combine cuts and threshes the grain all in one operation.
 

  
Question: How many bushels of canola do you get when you harvest a hectare of land?  Matthew – Carseland School
Answer: An average yield of is 2.25 tonnes per hectare which is equivalent to filling 98 laundry baskets full of canola.
 

  
Question: How do you keep bugs from eating your crop? Jack - Buchanan School
Answer: Farmers have to watch for pests which might be plant diseases, weeds or insects that can ruin a crop.   Sprayers are a vital tool for conservation farming and the prevention of soil erosion as they allow the farmer to control weeds without disturbing the soil.  Using GPS technology eliminates overlapping of spray solution. 
 

  
Question:  What kind of crops are on your farm? Miss Harris’ Class - Glamorgan Elementary School
Answer:  On my farm we grow wheat, canola, barley and corn and hay for feed for our cows.
 

  
Question:  What crops do you grow in your field?  Noor – Calgary Islamic School
Answer:  On my farm we grow wheat, canola and barley.   These crops grow well and are suitable for our climate.
 

  
Question:  How do you shield your crops from the winter?    Abdurahman – Calgary Islamic School
Answer:  There are a limited number of frost free days to grow crops so it is important to seed early in spring so the crops may be harvested in the fall. Some farmers grow crops which are called winter crops (winter wheat and rye). These crops are planted in the fall and when the weather gets cold they go into a dormant stage and then begin to grow again in the spring when it gets warm.  We store our harvested grain in graineries or large plastic bags to protect it from snow and moisture which causes it to spoil.
 

  
Question:  How do you water crops? Reeham – Calgary Islamic School
Answer:  On our farm we do not have access to irrigation.   Some farmers use irrigation systems such as wheel moves, which move in a straight line to apply water or a center pivot system which moves in a circle to water crops.
 

  
Question:  About how much wheat is needed to produce a loaf of bread? Philip – Dalhousie Elementary
Answer:  A bushel of wheat weighs 60 pounds or 27 kilograms.  It would take approximately one pound or 454 grams of wheat to produce a loaf of bread. Wheat is the main ingredient in most of the bread we eat, but it can also be made from other grains such as barley, oats, corn, rye or rice.


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